According to U.S. Department of State regulation 22 CFR 62.1, 'The purpose of the Program is to provide foreign nationals with opportunities to participate in educational and cultural programs in the United States and return home to share their experiences, and to encourage Americans to participate in educational and cultural programs in other countries.' The U.S. Department of State monitors the Exchange Visitor Program and relies on the Responsible Officer (RO) and the Alternate Responsible Officers (AROs) in the Center for International Education (CIE) at CSULB to ensure compliance with the regulations and purpose of the program.
A professor is an 'individual primarily teaching, lecturing, observing, or consulting at post-secondary accredited educational institutions, museums, libraries, or similar types of institutions. A professor may also conduct research, unless disallowed by the sponsor' [22 CFR* 514.4(e)].
A research scholar is an 'individual primarily conducting research, observing, or consulting in connection with a research project at research institutions, corporate research facilities, museums, libraries, post-secondary accredited educational institutions, or similar types of institutions. The research scholar may also teach or lecture, unless disallowed by the sponsor' [22 CFR* 514.4(f)].
A short term scholar is 'A professor, research scholar, specialist, or a person with similar education or accomplishments coming to the United States on a short-term visit for the purpose of lecturing, observing, consulting, training, or demonstrating special skills at research institutions, museums, libraries, post-secondary accredited educational institutions, or similar types of institutions' [22 CFR 514.4(b)]. Examples include educators, scientists, research fellows, writers, and museum administrators. The maximum duration of stay is limited to 4 months, and short-term scholars are not permitted to extend their stay.
*CFR = Code of Federal Regulations
NAFSA's Advisor Manual of Federal Regulations Affecting Foreign Students and Scholars